Contains the active ingredient Olmesartan medoxomil
Consumer Medicine Information
What is in this leaflet
This leaflet answers some common questions about APO-OLMESARTAN.
It does not contain all the available information. It does not take the place of talking to your doctor or pharmacist.
All medicines have risks and benefits. Your doctor has weighed the risks of you taking APO-OLMESARTAN against the benefits he/she expects it will have for you.
If you have any concerns about taking this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Keep this leaflet with your APO-OLMESARTAN tablets.
You may need to read it again.
What this medicine is used for
APO-OLMESARTAN is used to treat high blood pressure which is sometimes called hypertension.
Everyone has blood pressure. This pressure helps push blood all around your body. Your blood pressure changes at different times of the day, depending on how busy or worried you are. You have hypertension (high blood pressure) when your blood pressure stays higher than is needed, even when you are calm and relaxed.
There are usually no symptoms of hypertension. The only way of knowing that you have hypertension is to have your blood pressure checked on a regular basis. If high blood pressure is not treated it can lead to serious health problems, including stroke, heart disease and kidney failure.
How it works
APO-OLMESARTAN belongs to a group of medicines known as angiotensin-II receptor antagonists. Angiotensin-II is a substance produced in the body which causes blood vessels to tighten. APO-OLMESARTAN blocks the action of angiotensin-II and therefore relaxes your blood vessels. This helps lower your blood pressure.
Your doctor may have prescribed APO-OLMESARTAN for another reason. Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why APO-OLMESARTAN has been prescribed for you.
APO-OLMESARTAN is not addictive.
This medicine is available only with a doctor's prescription.
Use in children
The safety and effectiveness of APO-OLMESARTAN in children aged less than 1 year has not been established.
Before you take this medicine
When you must not take it
Do not take this medicine if:
you have serious problems with your kidneys
you have serious problems with your liver
you have diabetes and are taking a medicine called aliskiren to reduce blood pressure
you have an allergy to olmesartan or any of the ingredients listed at the end of this leaflet
Symptoms of an allergic reaction to olmesartan may include skin rash, itchiness, shortness of breath, swelling of the face, lips or tongue, muscle pain or tenderness or joint pain.
you are pregnant or breastfeeding
Olmesartan may enter your womb or it may pass into the breast milk and there is the possibility that your baby may be affected.
If pregnancy is discovered APO-OLMESARTAN should be discontinued as soon as possible.
Do not take APO-OLMESARTAN after the expiry date printed on the pack or if the packaging is torn or shows signs of tampering.
If you are not sure whether you should start taking APO-OLMESARTAN, talk to your doctor.
Before you start to take it
Before you start taking this medicine, tell your doctor if:
1. You have allergies to:
any other medicines
any other substances, such as foods, preservatives or dyes.
2. You have or have had any medical conditions, especially the following:
excessive vomiting or diarrhoea recently
high levels of potassium in your blood
problems with your adrenal glands (small glands above the kidneys)
3. You must also tell your doctor if you:
are following a very low salt diet
you are or intend to become pregnant or plan to breastfeed.
If you have not told your doctor about any of the above, tell him/ her before you start taking APO-OLMESARTAN.
Taking other medicines
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any other medicines, including any that you buy without a prescription from your pharmacy, supermarket or health food shop.
Some medicines and olmesartan may interfere with each other. These include:
other medicines used to treat high blood pressure
other diuretics, also known as fluid or water tablets
non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or COX-2 inhibitors, medicines used to relieve pain, swelling and other symptoms of inflammation, including arthritis
potassium supplements or potassium-containing salt substitutes
lithium, a medicine used to treat mood swings and some types of depression.
any medicines that contain aliskiren
These medicines may be affected by olmesartan, or may affect how well it works. You may need different amounts of your medicine, or you may need to take different medicines. Your doctor will advise you.
In general, olmesartan has been shown not to interfere with other medicines. However, it is important to tell your doctor and pharmacist about any medicines you are taking or plan to take.
How to take this medicine
Follow all directions given to you by your doctor or pharmacist carefully.
They may differ from the information contained in this leaflet.
Your doctor or pharmacist will tell you which APO-OLMESARTAN tablet you will need to take each day. This depends on your condition and whether or not you are taking any other medicines.
If you do not understand the instructions on the box, ask your doctor or pharmacist for help.
How much to take
For most adult patients, the usual starting dose of APO-OLMESARTAN is 20 mg once a day. The dose may need to be increased to APO-OLMESARTAN 40 mg once a day if necessary.
For children 6-18 years (weighing 35 kg or more):
One APO-OLMESARTAN 20mg tablet once daily.
For children 6-18 years (weighing less than 35 kg):
10mg tablet once daily.
APO-OLMESARTAN tablets cannot be divided to accommodate 10 mg dosing. Olmesartan 10 mg tablets are available from alternative brands when the 10 mg strength is required.
For children 1-5 years (weighing 5 kg or more):
The dose will vary depending on your child's weight.
How to take it
Swallow APO-OLMESARTAN whole with a full glass of water.
Do not chew the tablets.
When to take it
Take APO-OLMESARTAN at about the same time each day, with or without food.
Taking APO-OLMESARTAN at the same time each day will have the best effect. It will also help you remember when to take APO-OLMESARTAN. It does not matter whether you take it with or without food.
How long to take it for
APO-OLMESARTAN helps control your condition, but does not cure it. Therefore you must take APO-OLMESARTAN every day. Continue taking your medicine for as long as your doctor tells you.
If you forget to take it
If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the dose you missed and take your next dose when you are meant to.
Otherwise, take it as soon as you remember and then go back to taking your medicine as you would normally.
Do not take a double dose to make up for the dose that you missed.
This may increase the chance of you getting an unwanted side effect.
If you are not sure what to do, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
If you have trouble remembering to take your medicine, ask your pharmacist for some hints.
If you take too much (overdose)
Immediately telephone your doctor or go to Accident and Emergency at the nearest hospital, if you think that you or anyone else may have taken too much APO-OLMESARTAN. Do this even if there are no signs of discomfort or poisoning.
Keep telephone numbers for these places handy.
If you take too much APO-OLMESARTAN, you may feel light-headed, dizzy or you may faint. You may also have a fast heartbeat.
While you are taking this medicine
Things you must do
If you are about to be started on any new medicine, tell your doctor, dentist or pharmacist that you are taking APO-OLMESARTAN.
Make sure you drink enough water during exercise and hot weather when you are taking APO-OLMESARTAN, especially if you sweat a lot.
If you do not drink enough water while taking APO-OLMESARTAN, you may feel faint, light-headed or sick. This is because your blood pressure is dropping suddenly. If you continue to feel unwell, tell your doctor.
If you have excess vomiting and/or diarrhoea while taking APO-OLMESARTAN, tell your doctor.
You may lose too much water and salt and your blood pressure may drop too much.
If you feel light-headed or dizzy after taking your first dose of APO-OLMESARTAN, or when your dose is increased, tell your doctor immediately.
If you plan to have surgery that needs a general anaesthetic, tell your doctor or dentist that you are taking APO-OLMESARTAN.
Your blood pressure may drop suddenly.
If you become pregnant while taking APO-OLMESARTAN, tell your doctor immediately.
If you are about to have any blood tests, tell your doctor that you are taking APO-OLMESARTAN.
APO-OLMESARTAN may interfere with the results of some tests.
Have your blood pressure checked when your doctor says, to make sure APO-OLMESARTAN is working.
Go to your doctor regularly for a check-up.
Your doctor may occasionally do a blood test to check your potassium levels and see how your kidneys are working.
Things you must not do
Do not give APO-OLMESARTAN to anyone else, even if they have the same condition as you.
Do not take APO-OLMESARTAN to treat any other complaints unless your doctor or pharmacist tells you to.
Do not stop taking APO-OLMESARTAN, or lower the dosage, without checking with your doctor.
Things to be careful of
If you feel light-headed, dizzy or faint when getting out of bed or standing up, get up slowly.
Standing up slowly, especially when you get up from bed or chairs, will help your body get used to the change in position and blood pressure. If this problem continues or gets worse, talk to your doctor.
Be careful driving or operating machinery until you know how APO-OLMESARTAN affects you.
As with other medicines in this class, APO-OLMESARTAN may cause dizziness, light-headedness or tiredness in some people. Make sure you know how you react to APO-OLMESARTAN before you drive a car, operate machinery, or do anything else that could be dangerous if you are dizzy or light-headed. If this occurs do not drive. If you drink alcohol, dizziness or light-headedness may be worse.
Things that would be helpful for your blood pressure
Some self-help measures suggested below may help your condition. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist about these measures and for more information.
Alcohol - your doctor may advise you to limit your alcohol intake.
Weight - your doctor may suggest losing some weight to help lower your blood pressure and help lessen the amount of work your heart has to do. Some people may need a dietician's help to lose weight.
Diet - eat a healthy diet which includes plenty of fresh vegetables, fruit, bread, cereals and fish.
Also eat less fat and sugar (especially saturated fat) which includes sausages, fatty meats, full cream dairy products, biscuits, cakes, pastries, chocolates, chips and coconut. Monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats from olive oil, canola oil, avocado and nuts are beneficial in small quantities.
Salt - your doctor may advise you to watch the amount of salt in your diet. To reduce your salt intake you should avoid using salt in cooking or at the table and avoid cooked or processed foods containing high sodium (salt) levels.
Exercise - regular exercise, maintained over the long term, helps to reduce blood pressure and helps get the heart fitter. Regular exercise also improves your blood cholesterol levels, helps reduce your weight and stress levels, and improves your sleep, mood and ability to concentrate. However, it is important not to overdo it. Walking is good exercise, but try to find a route that is reasonably flat. Before starting any exercise, ask your doctor about the best kind of programme for you.
Smoking - your doctor may advise you to stop smoking or at least cut down. There are enormous benefits to be gained from giving up smoking. There are many professionals, organisations and strategies to help you quit. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for further information and advice.
Possible side effects
Tell your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if you do not feel well while you are taking APO-OLMESARTAN.
APO-OLMESARTAN helps most people with high blood pressure, but it may have unwanted side effects in a few people. All medicines can have side effects. Sometimes they are serious, most of the time they are not. You may need medical treatment if you get some of the side effects.
If you are over 65 years of age you may have an increased chance of getting side effects.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist to answer any questions you may have.
Following is a list of possible side effects. Do not be alarmed by this list. You may not experience any of them.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you notice any of the following and they worry you:
feeling light-headed, dizzy or faint
feeling sick (nausea) or vomiting
an uncomfortable feeling in the stomach
unusual tiredness or weakness, fatigue
runny or blocked nose, or sneezing
sore throat and discomfort when swallowing (pharyngitis)
swelling of the hands, feet or ankles
urinary tract infection.
These are common side effects. They are generally mild.
Tell your doctor as soon as possible if you notice any of the following.
These may be serious side effects and you may need medical attention:
skin rash or itchiness
aching, tender or weak muscles not caused by exercise
fast heart beat
shortness of breath or tightness in the chest
swelling of the hands, feet or ankles
symptoms that may indicate high potassium levels in the blood, such as nausea, diarrhoea, muscle weakness, change in heart rhythm.
These may be serious side effects. You may need medical attention. Serious side effects are rare.
If you experience any of the following, stop taking your medicine and contact your doctor immediately or go to the Accident and Emergency department at your nearest hospital.
swelling of the face, lips, mouth, tongue or throat which may cause difficulty in swallowing or breathing
chest pain. These are very serious side effects. You may need urgent medical attention or hospitalisation. These side effects are very rare.
Other side effects not listed above may occur in some patients. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you notice anything that is making you feel unwell.
Storage and disposal
Keep your tablets in the box until it is time to take them.
If you take the tablets out of the box they will not keep well.
Keep your tablets in a cool dry place where the temperature stays below 25°C.
Do not store APO-OLMESARTAN or any other medicine in the bathroom or near a sink.
Do not leave it on a windowsill or in the car on hot days.
Heat and dampness can destroy some medicines.
Keep this medicine where children cannot reach it.
A locked cupboard at least one-and-a-half metres above the ground is a good place to store medicines.
If your doctor or pharmacist tells you to stop taking APO-OLMESARTAN or the tablets have passed their expiry date, ask your pharmacist what to do with any that are left over.
What APO-Olmesartan tablets looks like
APO-OLMESARTAN tablets come in two strengths and each has a different appearance:
APO-OLMESARTAN 20 mg - yellow film coated, round, biconvex tablets debossed with '323' on one side and 'L' on other side
APO-OLMESARTAN 40 mg - yellow film coated, oval shape, biconvex tablets debossed with 'L324' on one side and plain on other side
A box of APO-OLMESARTAN contains 30 tablets.
APO-OLMESARTAN 20 mg tablet - 20 mg olmesartan medoxomil per tablet
APO-OLMESARTAN 40 mg tablet - 40 mg olmesartan medoxomil per tablet.
Opadry Yellow 03F82788
APO-OLMESARTAN tablets do not contain sucrose, tartrazine or any other azo dyes.