Genomics and Epigenetics
Featuring all the latest about the newest branch of specialty in the Medical World. From Gene Mapping, new understandings of various Cellular Pathways to breakthroughs in Gene Slicing and Recombinant techniques and even new Gene related treatments.
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Source: Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia de Biologia Estrutural e Bioimagem (INBEB), Brazil  Feb 07, 2019
Scientists explored mRNA and protein public databases to unravel hidden meanings of the genetic code. Using a metric derived from mRNA codon composition, they found out how gene sequence choice can predict different aspects of protein synthesis, such as protein production efficiency. The study could help the development of new biotechnological applications of genes and proteins. Today, thousand...
Source: Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute  Jan 22, 2019
In the largest genetic study of osteoarthritis to date, scientists have uncovered 52 new genetic changes linked to the disease, which doubles the number of genetic regions associated with the disabling condition. Scientists at the Wellcome Sanger Institute, GSK and their collaborators analysed the genomes of over 77,000 people with osteoarthritis. Their findings, published  in Nature ...
Source: Ontario Institute for Cancer Research  Jan 15, 2019
Researchers at the University of Toronto have discovered mutational signatures of tumor hypoxia (low oxygen) in 19 cancer types. The results could be used to help clinicians identify patients who would benefit from higher treatment doses.   In a landmark pan-cancer study analyzing more than 8,000 tumors across 19 different cancer types, researchers have identified molecular hallmarks of...
Source: University of Michigan  Jan 01, 2019
A change in the genome of Caucasians could explain much-higher rates of the most common type of esophageal cancer in this population, a new study finds. It suggests a possible target for prevention strategies, which preliminary work suggests could involve flavonoids derived from cranberries. "We've known for a long time that esophageal adenocarcinoma primarily affects Caucasians and ver...
Columbia University Irving Medical Center  Dec 27, 2018
A new study has found that genes cause about 1 in 10 cases of chronic kidney disease in adults, and that identifying the responsible genes has a direct impact on treatment for most of these patients.  “Our study shows that genetic testing can be used to personalize the diagnosis and management of kidney disease, and that nephrologists should consider incorporating it into the diagnost...