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Thailand Medical News Team  Aug 25, 2023  6 months, 3 hours, 49 minutes ago

Diabetes News: Chrononutrition Study Shows Consuming Breakfast After 9 AM Increases The Risk Of Developing Type 2 Diabetes By 59 Percent!

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Diabetes News: Chrononutrition Study Shows Consuming Breakfast After 9 AM Increases The Risk Of Developing Type 2 Diabetes By 59 Percent!
Thailand Medical News Team  Aug 25, 2023  6 months, 3 hours, 49 minutes ago
Diabetes News: In the ever-evolving landscape of health research, a new dawn is breaking on the horizon of diabetes prevention. While it's long been established that our dietary choices, physical activity levels, and lifestyle habits significantly influence our susceptibility to type 2 diabetes, a new study has uncovered a fascinating link between breakfast timing and diabetes risk. Emerging from the collaboration between ISGlobal, an institution supported by the "la Caixa" Foundation, and a team from INSERM in France, this study delves into the intriguing realm of chrononutrition - the intricate interplay between our eating patterns, circadian rhythms, and health outcomes.


 
The study, a colossal endeavor involving over 100,000 participants from the French NutriNet-Santé cohort, has illuminated a compelling association between the timing of breakfast consumption and the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. This revelation is nothing short of groundbreaking, as it indicates that the simple act of adjusting our meal schedule could potentially hold the key to diabetes prevention.
 
According to past studies and Diabetes News reports, type 2 diabetes, a chronic condition characterized by insulin resistance and elevated blood sugar levels, has long been linked to modifiable risk factors such as sedentary lifestyle, poor dietary choices, and smoking. However, what if there's more to the equation than just what we eat?
 
The study led by ISGlobal's Dr Anna Palomar-Cros suggests that meal timing, a factor often overlooked, might play a pivotal role in diabetes risk.

Circadian rhythms, often referred to as our internal body clocks, orchestrate a symphony of physiological processes, including glucose and lipid metabolism. Disrupting these rhythms, which are finely tuned by our daily routines and eating habits, could potentially impact our overall health.
 
 "We know that meal timing plays a key role in regulating circadian rhythms and glucose and lipid control, but few studies have investigated the relationship between meal timing or fasting and type 2 diabetes," explains Dr Palomar-Cros.

The study's methodology was robust, involving meticulous data collection over an extended period. Participants diligently recorded their dietary intake and meal timings over three non-consecutive days, allowing researchers to gain a comprehensive understanding of their eating patterns. These records were then amalgamated to create an accurate representation of each individual's dietary habits during the initial two years of the study. The subsequent years were dedicated to tracking the participants' health, resulting in an average follow-up period of seven years.
 
The findings of this study unveiled a striking correlation between breakfast timing and diabetes risk.
 
Participants who consistently consumed their morning meal after 9 a.m. were confronted with a staggering 59% higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes when compared to those who indulged in their breakfast before 8 a.m. This biologically sensible link aligns with existing knowledge that skipping breakfast can dis rupt glucose and lipid control, as well as insulin levels. These results are further substantiated by meta-analyses that converge on the conclusion that skipping breakfast augments the risk of type 2 diabetes.
 
Interestingly, the study didn't stop at breakfast timing. The researchers also investigated the influence of dinner timing on diabetes risk. Those who dined after 10 p.m. seemed to face an elevated risk.
 
Additionally, the frequency of eating occasions emerged as a crucial factor. Individuals who spread their daily food intake across approximately five meals exhibited a lower incidence of type 2 diabetes. However, this beneficial effect only materialized when combined with specific meal timing practices - namely, an early breakfast before 8 a.m. and an early dinner before 7 p.m.
 
The implications of these findings are monumental. Dr Manolis Kogevinas, an ISGlobal researcher and co-author of the study, succinctly summarizes the potential preventive strategy: "Our results suggest that a first meal before 8 a.m. and a last meal before 7 p.m. may help reduce the incidence of type 2 diabetes."
 
These insights not only hold promise for diabetes prevention but also align with previous research by the same ISGlobal team, which highlighted the correlation between early dinners and a decreased risk of breast and prostate cancer.
 
In essence, the study's revelations signify a significant shift in how we perceive diabetes risk. It introduces the concept of chrononutrition as a potent tool in our arsenal against chronic diseases. While the study's results are compelling, it's important to acknowledge its limitations. The cohort primarily consisted of French adults, potentially limiting the generalizability of the findings. Further research across diverse populations is needed to solidify these observations.
 
As the sun rises on this new era of diabetes prevention, it's clear that the interplay between meal timing, circadian rhythms, and health outcomes is an avenue ripe for exploration. The study's implications are profound, suggesting that our meal schedules hold a key to unlocking better health. As we continue to uncover the intricate ways in which our bodies respond to our daily habits, embracing an early breakfast and mindful meal timing could pave the way to a future where type 2 diabetes becomes increasingly preventable.
 
The study findings were published in the peer reviewed International Journal of Epidemiology.
https://academic.oup.com/ije/advance-article-abstract/doi/10.1093/ije/dyad081/7199760
 
For the latest Diabetes News, keep on logging to Thailand Medical News.

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