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Gonorrhea is caused by Gram negative bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae, also known as gonococcus. It is a sexually transmitted infection (STI). Gonorrhoea has been referred to as the “clap” in history.
Gonococcus is present in the discharge from the penis and vaginal fluid of the infected men and women. Routes of transmission of infection include:
The incubation period is usually taken as being between 2 and 5 days but may be up to 10 days. Incubation period is the time taken from exposure to the infection and appearance of the symptoms.
Around 50% women and 10% men may show no symptoms of the infection.
Left untreated, infertility and pelvic inflammatory disease can occur in women with gonorrhoea infection. In men, if left untreated complications like inflammation of the epididymis (epididymitis); prostate gland (prostatitis) and urethral structure (urethritis) may occur. Other complications include affliction of joints or septic arthritis, blurring of vision etc.