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Laparoscopic surgery is also called minimally invasive surgery, keyhole surgery or bandaid surgery. Laparoscopic procedures can be performed using small incisions of around 0.5 to 1.5 cm that can be made far away from the surgical site. Small, thin surgical instruments can then be passed through the incision and threaded through to the operational site. The whole procedure is carried out using a laparoscope which is a small tube with a camera at the tip that can be used to relay images from inside the body to a TV monitor.
Laparoscopic surgery is commonly used in the diagnosis of a wide range of abdominal and pelvic conditions. It is also widely used to carry out surgical procedures such as the removal of diseased or damaged tissue and biopsies. The procedure is most commonly used in the study and treatment of the female reproductive system (gynecology), followed by conditions of the digestive system (gastroenterology) and conditions affecting the urinary system (urology).
Some of the main advantages of laparoscopic surgery over traditional open surgery are described below:
The main procedure involves the following steps: