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Arthritis is a disease affecting the elderly and the middle aged. However, children and adolescents can also be affected by arthritis in some specific conditions. Juvenile arthritis includes several types of arthritis including spondyloarthropathies and reactive arthritis that affect the children and adolescents.
Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA), also known as juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), has some distinctive features that include early onset during childhood or adolescence and more prevalence among females.
The key component of this disease is joint inflammation. In this condition the lining of a joint produces too much fluid resulting in a swollen joint that has features like warmth, pain and stiffness. The stiffness is often more pronounced in the morning or after a nap.
According to type of JRA:-
There are several varieties of manifestations and types of JRA. Those with a systemic disease have features like:-
There are episodes of flare ups with severe aggravation of the symptoms followed by episodes of remission where the symptoms improve or disappear.
JRA is different in each child. While in some children there may be one or two flare ups with no symptoms ever again in life, in others there may be multiple flare ups and permanent symptoms.