Modified Release tablets containing gliclazide (pronounced gli-cla-zide)
Consumer Medicine Information
WHAT IS IN THIS LEAFLET
This leaflet answers some common questions about ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR.
It does not contain all the available information
Reading this leaflet does not take the place of talking to your doctor, pharmacist, or diabetes educator.
All medicines have risks and benefits. Your doctor has weighed the risks of you taking ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR against the benefits they expect it will have for you.
If you have any concerns about taking this medicine, ask your doctor, pharmacist, or diabetes educator.
Keep this leaflet with the medicine.
You may need to read it again.
WHAT ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 MG MR IS
The name of your medicine is ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR.
ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR contains the active ingredient 'gliclazide'.
Gliclazide belongs to a group of medicines called sulphonylureas. The medicine releases the active ingredient gliclazide progressively over 24 hours.
WHAT ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 MG MR IS USED FOR
ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR is used to control blood glucose (sugar) in patients with Type II diabetes mellitus. This type of diabetes is also known as non-insulin-dependent diabetes (NIDDM), or maturity-onset diabetes).
Why ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR is used for Type II diabetes mellitus
ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR is used when diet and exercise are not enough to control your blood glucose.
ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR can be used alone or together with insulin or other medicines for treating diabetes.
How it works
Glucose is used by the body as fuel, and all people have glucose circulating in their blood. In diabetes, levels of blood glucose are higher than is needed, which is also known as hyperglycaemia.
If your blood glucose is not properly controlled, you may experience hypoglycaemia (low blood glucose) or hyperglycaemia (high blood glucose). High blood glucose can lead to serious problems with our heart, circulation and/or kidneys.
It is very important to control high blood glucose whether or not you feel unwell. This really helps to avoid serious long-term health problems, which can involve the heart, eyes, circulation, and/or kidneys.
A section at the end of this leaflet contains advice about recognising and treating hyperglycaemia.
ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR is used when diet and exercise are not enough to control your blood glucose properly. It lowers blood glucose by increasing the amount of insulin (a hormone that controls blood glucose levels) produced by your pancreas.
As with many medicines used for the treatment of diabetes, there is a possibility that blood glucose levels may become very low during treatment with ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR. This is known as hypoglycaemia.
A section at the end of this leaflet contains advice about recognising and treating hypoglycaemia.
ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR is available only with a doctor's prescription.
ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR is not addictive
Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR has been prescribed for you.
BEFORE YOU TAKE ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 MG MR
There are some people who should not take ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR. Please read the lists below.
If you think any of these situations apply to you, or you have any questions, please consult your doctor, pharmacist, or diabetes educator.
Do not take ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR if
you are allergic to: gliclazide, or any of the other ingredients listed at the end of this leaflet.
you have had an allergic reaction to any other sulphonylureas, or related medicines such as sulfa antibiotics or to thiazide diuretics (a type of "fluid" or "water" tablet).
Symptoms of an allergic reaction to ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR or to these medicines may include skin rash, itchiness or hives, shortness of breath, swelling of the face, lips or tongue, muscle pain or tenderness or joint pain. If you are not sure if you have an allergy to ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR, check with your doctor.
are pregnant or trying to become pregnant.
ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR may affect your developing baby if you take it during pregnancy. Insulin is more suitable for controlling blood glucose during pregnancy. Your doctor will usually replace ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR with insulin while you are pregnant.
are breastfeeding or plan to breast-feed. ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR is not recommended while you are breastfeeding. It is not known whether ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR passes into breast milk.
you have Type 1 diabetes mellitus (also known as insulin-dependent diabetes (IDDM), or juvenile-onset diabetes).
you have unstable diabetes
you have diabetic ketoacidosis (a problem which affects the acidity of your blood and can lead to coma - which is mainly associated with Type 1 diabetes).
you have severe kidney disease
you have severe liver disease
you are taking an antibiotic medicine containing the active ingredient miconazole
the expiry date (EXP) printed on the pack.
If you take it after the expiry date has passed, it may not work as well.
the packaging is torn or shows signs of tampering.
If it is damaged, return it to your pharmacist for disposal.
If you are not sure whether you should start taking ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR, talk to your doctor.
Do not give ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR to a child.
There is no experience with the use of ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR in children.
For older people
Elderly people can generally use ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR safely.
There are no special instructions for older people taking ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR.
Tell your doctor straight away if:
you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant or are breast-feeding.
Your doctor can discuss with you the risks and benefits involved.
you are allergic to any of the ingredients listed at the end of this leaflet; to any other medicines; or to any other substances, such as foods, preservatives or dyes
you have an intolerance to some sugars as ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR contains lactose
If you have a family history of or know you have the hereditary condition glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency (abnormality of red blood cells), lowering of the haemoglobin level and breakdown of red blood cells (haemolytic anaemia) can occur.
you have had any of the following medical conditions:
a history of diabetic coma.
adrenal, pituitary or thyroid problems
you have any medical condition, or do anything, that may increase the risk of hyperglycaemia - for example:
you are ill or feeling unwell (especially with fever or infection)
you are injured
you are having surgery.
you are taking less ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR than prescribed
you are taking less exercise than normal
you are eating more carbohydrate than normal.
drinking alcoholic drinks.
not eating regular meals.
taking more exercise than usual.
If you have not told your doctor, pharmacist or diabetes educator about any of the above, tell them before you start taking ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR.
Taking other medicines
Tell your doctor, pharmacist or diabetes educator if you are taking any other medicines, including medicines you buy without a prescription from a pharmacy, supermarket or health food shop.
Taking ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR may change the effect of some medicines, and some medicines may affect how well ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR works. You may need different amounts of your medication or to take different medicines.
Some medicines may lead to low blood glucose (hypoglycaemia) by increasing the blood-glucose-lowering effect of ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR.
some medicines used to treat fungal or yeast infections (miconazole which is contraindicated)
other medicines used to treat diabetes (such as biguanides and insulin)
some medicines used to treat high blood pressure and other heart conditions (including angiotensin receptor blocker, beta-blockers)
some medicines used to treat depression and other mental illness (MAOIs)
some medicines used to treat arthritis, pain and inflammation (including high dose aspirin, ibuprofen, phenylbutazone)
some antibiotics (chloramphenicol; tetracyclines; long-acting sulphonamides)
some medicines used to treat acid reflux and stomach ulcers
Some medicines may lead to high blood glucose levels (hyperglycaemia) by
weakening the blood glucose-lowering effect of ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR.
some medicines for epilepsy (danazol)
some medicines used to treat depression and other mental illness (chlorpromazine)
St John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum) preparations used to treat depression
some hormones used in hormone replacement therapy and oral contraceptives (oestrogen, progesterone)
some medicines for asthma (salbutamol, intravenous terbutaline).
barbiturates, medicines used for sedation
Some medicines may lead to unstable blood glucose (low blood sugar and high blood sugar) when taken at the same time as ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR, especially in elderly patients.
A class of antibiotics called fluoroquinolones.
ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR may change the effects of some other medicines.
some medicines used to prevent blood clots (warfarin)
You may need different amounts of your medicine or you may need to take different medicines. Your doctor, pharmacist or diabetes educator can tell you what to do if you are taking any of these medicines. They also have a more complete list of medicines to be careful with or avoid while taking ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure if you are taking any of these medicines.
HOW TO TAKE ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 MG MR
Follow all directions given to you by your doctor, pharmacist, and diabetes educator carefully.
They may differ from the information contained in this leaflet.
If you do not understand the instructions on the box, ask your doctor or pharmacist for help.
Your doctor will tell you how many tablets to take each day. They may increase or decrease the dose, depending on your blood glucose levels.
When to take it
Swallow the tablets with a glass of water. ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR tablets can be broken in half. However they should not be crushed or chewed.
Crushing or chewing the tablets may change the effectiveness of the tablet.
It is important to take your ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR at the same time each day - usually with breakfast. Taking ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR with food can help to minimise the risk of hypoglycaemia.
Do not skip meals while taking ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR.
How long to take it
Continue taking ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR for as long as your doctor recommends. Make sure you keep enough ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR to last over weekends and holidays.
ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR will help control your diabetes but will not (cure) it. Therefore, you may have to take it for a long time.
If you forget to take it
If is almost time for your next dose, skip the dose you missed and take your next dose when you are meant to. Otherwise, take it as you remember (with food), then go back to taking your tablets as you would normally.
Missed doses can cause high blood glucose (hyperglycaemia).
If you are not sure whether to skip the dose, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.
Do not take a double dose to make up for the dose you have missed.
If you double a dose, this may cause low blood glucose (hypoglycaemia).
If you take too much (overdose)
Immediately telephone your doctor or if you think that you or anyone else may have taken too much ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR. Do this even if there are no signs of discomfort or poisoning.
You may need urgent medical attention.
If you take too much ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR together with other medicines for diabetes or alcohol, you may experience symptoms of low blood glucose (hypoglycaemia).
If not treated quickly, these symptoms may progress to loss of co-ordination, slurred speech, confusion, loss of consciousness and fitting.
At the first signs of hypoglycaemia, raise your blood glucose quickly by following the instructions at the end of this leaflet.
If you experience any of these symptoms, immediately get medical help.
WHILE YOU ARE TAKING ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 MG MR
Things you must do
If you become pregnant while you are taking ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR, tell your doctor.
Tell all doctors, dentists, pharmacists and diabetes educators who are involved with your treatment that you are taking ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR.
If you are about to start taking any new medicines, tell you doctor and pharmacist that you are taking ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR.
Take ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR exactly as your doctor has prescribed. Otherwise you may not get the full benefits from treatment.
Make sure you check your blood glucose levels regularly. This is the best way to tell if your diabetes is being controlled properly. Your doctor or diabetes educator will show you how and when to do this.
Make sure that you, your friends, family and work colleagues can recognise the symptoms of hypoglycaemia and hyperglycaemia and know how to treat them.
Instructions at the end of this leaflet can help you with this.
Visit your doctor regularly so that they can check on your progress.
Carefully follow your doctor's and dietician's advice on diet, drinking alcohol and exercise.
Tell your doctor immediately if you notice the return of any symptoms of hyperglycaemia that you had before starting ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR.
These may include lethargy or tiredness, headache, thirst, passing large amounts of urine and blurred vision.
These may be signs that ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR is no longer working, even though you may have been taking it successfully for some time.
Things you must not do
Do not give ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR to anyone else, even if they have the same condition as you.
Do not use ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR to treat other complaints unless your doctor tells you to.
Do not stop taking ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR, or change the dosage, without checking with your doctor.
Do not skip meals while taking ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR.
Things to be careful of
If you drink alcohol while taking ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR, you may get flushing, headache, breathing difficulties, rapid heart beat, stomach pains or feel sick and vomit.
Protect your skin when you are in the sun, especially between 10am and 3pm.
Sulphonylureas (the group of medicines that ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR belongs to) may cause your skin to be more sensitive to sunlight than it is normally. Exposure to sunlight may cause a skin rash, itching, redness, or a severe sunburn.
If outdoors, wear protective clothing and use a 30+ sunscreen. If your skin does appear to be burning, tell your doctor immediately.
Be careful driving or operating machinery until you know how ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR affects you.
Also, be especially careful not to let your blood glucose levels fall too low.
ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR may cause dizziness and drowsiness in some people. Low blood glucose levels may also slow your reaction time and affect your ability to drive or operate machinery. A section at the end of this leaflet contains advice about recognising and treating hypoglycaemia.
Drinking alcohol can make this worse. If either of these occurs, do not drive, operate machinery or do anything else that could be dangerous.
If you are travelling, it is a good idea to:
wear some form of identification showing you have diabetes
carry some form of sugar to treat hypoglycaemia if it occurs, for example, sugar sachets or jelly beans
carry emergency food rations in case of a delay, for example, dried fruit, biscuits or muesli bars
keep ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR readily available
If you become sick with a cold, fever or flu, it is very important to continue taking ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR, even if you fell unable to eat your normal meal. If you have trouble eating solid food, use sugar-sweetened drinks as a carbohydrate substitute or eat small amounts of bland food.
Your diabetes educator or dietician can give you a list of foods to use for sick days.
If you do not feel well while you are taking ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR then tell your doctor, pharmacist, or diabetes educator as soon as possible.
All medicines can have side effects. Most of the time they are not serious but sometimes they can be.
ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR helps most people with Type 2 diabetes, but it may sometimes have unwanted side effects. These can include:
hyPOglycaemia and hyPERglycaemia. A section at the end of this leaflet contains advice about recognising and treating hyPOglycaemia and hyPERglycaemia
runny or blocked nose, sneezing, facial pressure or pain, bronchitis, sore throat and discomfort when swallowing, upper respiratory infection, coughing
back pain, arthralgia, arthrosis,
high blood pressure,chest pain
headache, unusual weakness
viral infection, urinary tract infection
stomach upset with symptoms like feeling sick, stomach pain, vomiting, diarrhoea or constipation
decrease in the number of cells in the blood (e.g. platelets, red and white blood cells) which may cause paleness, prolonged bleeding, bruising, sore throat and fever have been reported. These symptoms usually vanish when the treatment is discontinued
increase of some hepatic enzymes levels, and exceptionally a liver disease
your vision may be affected for a short time especially at the start of treatment. This effect is due to changes in blood sugar levels
Other side effects are usually mild when they occur. Do not be alarmed by this list of possible side effects. You may not experience any of them.
However if you do - or if you notice anything else that is making you feel unwell - you should consult your doctor or pharmacist. Other uncommon side effects have been reported and you may wish to discuss this issue with your doctor, pharmacist, or diabetes educator.
If any of the signs below occur then tell your doctor immediately or go to the Accident and Emergency department at your nearest hospital:
Skin rash, redness itching and/or hives, angioedema (rapid swelling of tissues such as eyelids, face, lips, mouth, tongue or throat that may result in breathing difficulty) have been reported. The rash may progress to widespread blistering or peeling of the skin and may be the first sign of rare life threatening conditions (e.g. Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) and severe hypersensitivity reactions (DRESS).
As for other sulphonylureas, the following adverse events have been observed: cases of severe changes in the number of blood cells and allergic inflammation of the wall of blood vessels, reduction in blood sodium (hyponatraemia), symptoms of liver impairment (e.g. jaundice) which in most cases disappeared after withdrawal of the sulfonylurea, but may lead to life-threatening liver failure in isolated cases.
AFTER TAKING ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 MG MR
Keep your tablets in the pack until it is time to take them.
ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR will not keep as well outside its blister packaging.
Keep them in a cool dry place where the temperature stays below 30°C.
Do not store medicines in the bathroom or near a sink. Do not leave them in a car or on a windowsill.
Heat and dampness can destroy some medicines.
Keep ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR tablets where children cannot reach them.
A locked cupboard at least one-and-a-half metres above the ground is a good place to store medicines.
If your doctor tells you to stop taking ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR, or the tablets have passed their expiry date, return any leftover tablets to your pharmacist for disposal.
What it looks like
ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR tablets are white oblong tablets, scored, with "DIA 60" engraved on both faces.
ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR tablets come in a blister strip. Each box contains 60 tablets.
Each tablet of ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR contains 60 mg of gliclazide as the active ingredient and a number of inactive ingredients.
The inactive ingredients in ARDIX GLICLAZIDE 60 mg MR tablets include lactose monohydrate, maltodextrin, hypromellose, magnesium stearate, colloidal anhydrous silica.
The tablets are gluten free.