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Nikhil Prasad  Fact checked by:Thailand Medical News team Dec 30, 2023  1 month, 3 weeks, 4 days, 14 hours, 2 minutes ago

BREAKING Medical News! Report Shows That Heart Failure Deaths In Those Under 30 Are Rampant Across India Especially In Maharashtra And Kerala!

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BREAKING Medical News! Report Shows That Heart Failure Deaths In Those Under 30 Are Rampant Across India Especially In Maharashtra And Kerala!
Nikhil Prasad  Fact checked by:Thailand Medical News team Dec 30, 2023  1 month, 3 weeks, 4 days, 14 hours, 2 minutes ago
Medical News: In a deeply disconcerting revelation, recent medical reports have brought to light a distressing surge in heart attack deaths among individuals under the age of 30 in India, particularly concentrated in the states of Maharashtra and Kerala. The statistics, meticulously analyzed from official sources, reveal a staggering 40% increase in heart attack fatalities in this age group of 18 to 45, between 2018 and 2022. While heart attacks in the general population have witnessed a notable rise of 26% during the same period, the surge in younger individuals is particularly alarming, warranting urgent attention and comprehensive analysis.


 
Official Numbers and Trends:
The National Crime Records Bureau's (NCRB) annual report, titled 'Accidental Deaths and Suicides in India,' serves as a somber testament to the escalating crisis. In 2022 alone, there were 32,457 reported incidents of heart attacks, claiming the lives of 32,410 individuals.
https://www.indiaenvironmentportal.org.in/content/476223/accidental-deaths-and-suicides-in-india-2022/
 
https://www.indiaenvironmentportal.org.in/files/file/Accidental%20Deaths%20and%20Suicides%20in%20India%202022.pdf
 
To put this into perspective, the figures stood at 25,764 deaths in 2018. Disturbingly, heart attack deaths among those under 30 surged from 2,371 in 2018 to 3,329 in 2022, indicating a worrisome trend that demands immediate attention.
 
Sudden Deaths on the Rise
The NCRB classifies heart attack deaths under the broader category of sudden deaths, which encompasses unexpected and instantaneous deaths occurring within minutes from causes other than violence. Nationally, the cases of sudden deaths have seen a significant 23% increase over the past five years, escalating from 46,003 in 2018 to 56,653 in 2022. In 2022, sudden deaths accounted for 13.4% of total accidental deaths, trailing only behind traffic accidents, which constituted a staggering 46% of such fatalities.
 
Maharashtra and Kerala: Hotspots for Heart Attack Deaths
Since 2012, Maharashtra has consistently reported the highest number of heart attack deaths among Indian states. Notably, Kerala, while not always in the second position, has witnessed a significant increase in heart attack fatalities over the past decade. The two states, Maharashtra and Kerala, now collectively account for nearly half of all reported heart attack deaths in the country, painting a grim picture of the regional impact of this health crisis.
 
Possible Link to COVID-19
Amidst rising concerns regarding a potential link between heart attacks and post-COVID conditions, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare addressed these concerns in the Lok Sabha. The ministry acknowledged reports of sudden deaths post-COVID-19 but emphasized the lack of conclusive evidence to establish a direct correlation between the COVID-19 vaccine and heart attacks in the country.
 
ng>Study by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR)-National Institute of Epidemiology (NIE)
To delve deeper into the issue and provide much-needed insights, the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR)-National Institute of Epidemiology (NIE) undertook a comprehensive study. Titled 'Factors associated with unexplained sudden deaths among adults aged 18-45 years in India - A multicentric matched case - control study,' this research initiative was conducted at 47 tertiary care hospitals across 19 states/UT from May to August 2023. The study aimed to identify the multifaceted factors contributing to sudden deaths, especially in the age group of 18-45.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/37988028/
 
Findings of the Study:
The study covered in this Medical News report, encompassed 729 cases and 2,916 controls, revealed crucial insights into the intricate dynamics of sudden deaths among young adults in India. Contrary to prevailing concerns, the analysis indicated that COVID-19 vaccination did not elevate the risk of unexplained sudden death in this demographic. However, it did shed light on other significant factors. Past COVID-19 hospitalization, a family history of sudden death, and certain lifestyle behaviors were identified as factors that increased the likelihood of unexplained sudden deaths.
 
Past COVID-19 Hospitalization
The study's findings pointed to a noteworthy correlation between past COVID-19 hospitalization and an increased risk of unexplained sudden death. Although the specific mechanisms underlying this association require further exploration, the data suggests a potential link between the lingering effects of COVID-19 on cardiac health.
 
Family History of Sudden Death
Another significant factor highlighted in the study was the impact of a family history of sudden death on the likelihood of unexplained sudden deaths among young adults. Genetic predispositions and hereditary factors may play a role in increasing vulnerability, emphasizing the importance of understanding familial medical histories in preventative healthcare.
 
Lifestyle Behaviors
The study delved into the impact of lifestyle behaviors on the occurrence of unexplained sudden deaths. Factors such as smoking, recreational drug use, alcohol frequency, binge drinking, and vigorous-intensity physical activity two days before death emerged as noteworthy contributors. This underscores the need for public health campaigns and educational initiatives to address and modify such behaviors.
 
Conclusion
The alarming surge in heart attack deaths, particularly among India's youth, demands immediate attention and comprehensive intervention strategies. The findings of the study conducted by the ICMR-NIE provide valuable insights into potential risk factors, aiding in the formulation of targeted preventive measures.
 
As India grapples with this health crisis, concerted efforts from healthcare professionals, policymakers, and the public are essential to curb the rising tide of heart attack deaths and safeguard the well-being of the younger population. A multifaceted approach, incorporating awareness campaigns, genetic screening, and lifestyle modification programs, is imperative to mitigate the impact of this growing epidemic and ensure a healthier future for the nation.
 
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