ALERT! Covid-19 Clinical Care: Study Reveals That SARS Cov-2 Coronavirus Can Cause Heart Injury Even In Patients Without Underlying Heart Issues
Covid-19 Clinical Care
: Cardiology researchers from the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston or UTHealth are warning that the SARS-CoV -2 coronavirus that causes the Covid-19 disease can have fatal consequences for people with underlying cardiovascular disease and cause cardiac injury even in patients without underlying heart conditions.
The new research paper was been published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) yesterday (27th
March 2020). https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamacardiology/fullarticle/2763846
Medical experts have known for a while now that viral illnesses such as Covid-19 can cause respiratory infections that may lead to lung damage and even death in severe cases.
However not much was known about the effects on the cardiovascular system till now.
Dr Mohammad Madjid, MD, MS, the study’s lead author and an assistant professor of cardiology at McGovern Medical School at UTHealth told Thailand Medical news “It is likely that even in the absence of previous heart disease, the heart muscle can be affected by coronavirus disease. Overall, injury to heart muscle can happen in any patient with or without heart disease, but the risk is higher in those who already have heart disease.”
The cardiology researchers explained that research from previous coronavirus and influenza epidemics suggest that viral infections can cause acute coronary syndromes, arrhythmias, and the development of, or exacerbation of, heart failure.
In previous clinical bulletin issued by the American College of Cardiology, it was revealed that the case fatality rate of COVID-19 for patients with cardiovascular disease was 10.5%. Data also points to a greater likelihood that individuals over the age of 65 with coronary heart disease or hypertension can contract the illness, as well experience more severe symptoms that will require critical care. https://spc.pt/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/S20028-ACC-Clinical-Bulletin-Coronavirus.pdf
Typically, Covid-19 critical cases are those that reported respiratory failure, septic shock, and/or multiple organ dysfunction or failure that resulted in death.
Dr Masjid added, “It is reasonable to expect that significant cardiovascular complications linked to COVID-19 will occur in severe symptomatic patients because of the high inflammatory response associated with this illness.”
The SARS-Cov-2 coronavirus that causes COVID-19 was first identified in January 2020. This novel virus originated in Wuhan, China, and by March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization had declared it a global pandemic. The three most common symptoms of COVID-19 include fever, cough, and shortness of breath.
However other less common symptoms are muscle pain, sore throat, nasal congestion, headache, gastrointestinal problems, limb and back pains.
Typically symptoms can appear as soon as two days after exposure to the virus to up to14 days after. T
here is a high viral load in both symptomatic and asymptomatic patients, meaning asymptomatic spread between person to person is likely.
Thailand Medical News would also like to warn clinicians that certain experimental drugs and antivirals being used can also cause heart failures. https://www.thailandmedical.news/news/covid-19-clinical-care-guidelines-to-prevent-drug-induced-prolongation-of-qtc-that-often-results-in-sudden-cardiac-death-in-covid-19-patients
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