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Source: Neurology-Stroke  Oct 26, 2020  3 years, 5 months, 3 weeks, 1 day, 19 hours, 5 minutes ago

Neurology-Stroke: Study Shows That Nearly 30 Percent Of Young American Adults Do Not Know Common Stroke Symptoms

Neurology-Stroke: Study Shows That Nearly 30 Percent Of Young American Adults Do Not Know Common Stroke Symptoms
Source: Neurology-Stroke  Oct 26, 2020  3 years, 5 months, 3 weeks, 1 day, 19 hours, 5 minutes ago
Neurology-Stroke: A new study by researchers from Yale University, Houston Methodist DeBakey Heart and Vascular Center, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Houston Methodist Research Institute and Medstar Union Memorial Hospital-Baltimore has found that almost 30 percent of young American adults do not know what are the symptoms of a stroke or even know how to identify if a person close to them was having a stroke. In the current COVID-19 scenario where infections with the SARS-Cov-2 virus seems to lead to a high incidence of strokes and even in recovered COVID-19 patients, being able to recognize the symptoms of a stroke is very important  and critical in making sure that one gets medical attention as soon as possible.


 
The study findings are published in the peer reviewed journal: Stroke, a journal of the American Heart Association. https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/10.1161/STROKEAHA.120.031137
 
Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, stroke was the fifth cause of death and a leading cause of disability in the United States. Each year, about 10% to 15% of the nearly 795,000 people in the U.S. who have a stroke are young adults ie between ages 18 and 45. Recent studies suggest stroke incidence is declining in the general population, yet, stroke incidence and hospitalizations have increased by more than 40% in young adults in the past several decades.
 
In the current COVID-19 pandemic era, the incidence of strokes has even been much higher.
 
Study author Dr Khurram Nasir, M.D., M.P.H., M.Sc., chief of the division of cardiovascular prevention and wellness at Houston Methodist DeBakey Heart and Vascular Center in Houston, Texas told Thailand Medical News, "While the medical community has made significant improvements to reduce the severity and complications of strokes with early interventions, these efforts are of limited value if patients do not recognize stroke symptoms. Time is critical for treating stroke. The earlier people recognize symptoms, the better their chances are to reduce long-term disability from stroke."
 
In order to assess how well the U.S. population understands common stroke symptoms, Dr Nasir and colleagues reviewed responses to the 2017 National Health Interview Survey. As part of the annual survey, adults are asked several questions about stroke including identifying five of the most common stroke symptoms, which in this survey were noted as:
 
-Numbness of face/arm/leg;
 
-Confusion/trouble speaking;
 
-Difficulty walking/dizziness/loss of balance;
 
-Trouble seeing in one/both eyes; and
 
-Severe headache.
 
For the study, the study team analyzed a targeted subset of the full survey, ie answers from 9,844 younger adults, under age 45, which statistically represents 107.2 million young adults in the U.S. population. Average age of the younger respondents was 31, half were women and 62.2% were non-Hispanic white.
 
Significantly, the researchers found: