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BREAKING NEWS
Source: COVID-19-Pituitary Gland  Sep 06, 2021  2 years, 7 months, 1 week, 4 days, 16 hours, 12 minutes ago

BREAKING NEWS! Italian Study Reveals That SARS-CoV-2 Is Able To Affect The Pituitary Gland Leading To Possible Hypopituitarism And A Variety Of Disorders!

BREAKING NEWS! Italian Study Reveals That SARS-CoV-2 Is Able To Affect The Pituitary Gland Leading To Possible Hypopituitarism And A Variety Of Disorders!
Source: COVID-19-Pituitary Gland  Sep 06, 2021  2 years, 7 months, 1 week, 4 days, 16 hours, 12 minutes ago
COVID-19-Pituitary Gland: More worrisome study findings have emerged from a research conducted by Italian neurology scientists from Università Vita-Salute San Raffaele , Milan-Italy along with support from the Pituitary Center, Departments of Medicine and Neurological Surgery, Oregon Health and Science University-U.S.A in which it has been found that the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus is able to affect the human host pituitary gland and possibly cause hypopituitarism and also a variety of pituitary gland abnormalities and disorders along with disrupting various metabolic functions. The study also found that existing pituitary gland disorders and existing hypopituitarism prior to SARS-CoV-2 infections can also aggravate COVID-19 outcomes including disease severity and increased risk of mortality.

Aside from the pulmonary manifestations caused by the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus, an emerging endocrine phenotype, which can heavily impact on the severity of the syndrome, has been recently associated with the COVID-19 disease.
 
Patients with pituitary diseases or the pituitary gland itself may also be involved in COVID-19 clinical presentation and/or severity, causing pituitary apoplexy.
 
Furthermore the condition of hypopituitarism is frequently burdened by several metabolic complications, including arterial hypertension, hyperglycemia, obesity and vertebral fractures, which have all been associated with poor outcomes and increased mortality in patients infected by SARS-CoV-2.
 
The study findings report hypopituitarism as a condition that might have a bidirectional relationship with COVID-19 due to the frequent presence of metabolic comorbidities, to the direct or indirect pituitary damage or being per se a potential risk factor for COVID-19.
 
The study findings also address the current recommendations for the clinical management of vaccines in patients with hypopituitarism and adrenal insufficiency.
 
The study findings were published in the peer reviewed journal:  Reviews in Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders. https://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11154-021-09672-y
 
The pituitary gland is a small pea-sized gland that plays a major role in regulating vital body functions and general wellbeing. It is referred to as the body's 'master gland' because it controls the activity of most other hormone-secreting glands including the thyroid and adrenals, the ovaries and testicles.  It is located at the base of your brain, behind the bridge of your nose and directly below your hypothalamus. It sits in an indent in the sphenoid bone called the sella turcica. The pituitary gland is one of eight interrelated major endocrine glands. The pituitary gland secretes hormones from both the front part (anterior) and the back part (posterior) of the gland. Hormones are chemicals that carry messages from one cell to another through your bloodstream. If the pituitary gland is not producing sufficient amounts of one or more hormones this is called hypopituitarism.
 
To date, the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus which is the pathogen  responsible for the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), has in fected over 221 million and caused the deaths of over 4.6 million worldwide. Although COVID-19 has been traditionally associated with its ability to cause varied symptoms resembling acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), emerging scientific evidence has demonstrated that SARS-CoV-2 causes much more damage beyond its eff