Selenium Helps To Reduce HIV Viral Loads and Also Prevent CD4 Levels From Declining
From 2007 to 2018, there has been more than 37 studies that show that Selenium
supplementation is good for HIV
supplementation has demonstrated the ability to reduce viral loads of the HIV
virus while also preventing CD4 levels from declining and helping it achieve moderate gains.
Todate, there are been no known reactions or contraindications for those taking antiretrovirals and the mineral has not shown any adverse reactions with any known antiretrovirals or combo therapies so far.
required by the body in small amounts, is a trace mineral that is essential to good health. Found in a number of plant-based foods, selenium is incorporated into proteins to make important antioxidant enzymes called selenoproteins. These selenoproteins help prevent cellular damage from free radicals. Free radicals are natural by-products of oxygen metabolism that may contribute to the development of chronic diseases such as immune deficiency, cancer, and heart disease.
Some studies have indicated that selenium
levels can become decreased in people living with HIV.
Low levels have been shown to be predictive of death in HIV
-positive adults and children and have been linked to various irregularities such as diminished natural killer cell activity and a greater risk of mycobacterial infections often seen in the setting of HIV
One hypothesis holds that selenium
's antioxidant properties may repair damage done to immune cells by oxygen, which is produced at higher levels in the bodies of patients with HIV
Laboratory experiments have shown that selenium
has an inhibitory effect on HIV
in vitro through antioxidant effects of glutathione peroxidase and other selenoproteins. Numerous studies have reported low selenium
status in HIV-infected individuals, and serum selenium
concentration declines with disease progression. Some cohort studies have shown an association between selenium
deficiency and progression to AIDS or mortality. In several randomized controlled trials, selenium
supplementation has reduced hospitalizations and diarrheal morbidity, and improved CD4(+) cell counts
is a non-metal similar to sulphur in its chemical properties. In large amounts it is toxic, but in trace amounts it enables organisms to produce enzymes that help cells to function.
While too little selenium
can cause serious health problems, too much selenium
can also be toxic. Selenosis is a serious disease caused by taking too much selenium
. The upper tolerance level in humans is about 400 micrograms a day. Selenosis causes stomach problems, loss of hair and nails, liver and brain damage. It can be fatal.
The recommended selenium
intake for adults aged 18 years and above with HIV
is 60 mcg per day
One of the best way to obtain Selenium
is thru your diets. These are some foods that are rich in Selenium.
Brazil nuts are one of the best sources of selenium
. One ounce, or about six to eight nuts, contains about 544 mcg. Make sure you only eat a serving of Brazil nuts a few times a week to avoid selenium
Yellowfin tuna contains about 92 mcg of selenium
per 3 ounces (oz), making it an excellent source of selenium
. This is followed by sardines, oysters, clams, halibut, shrimp, salmon, and crab, which contain amounts between 40 and 65 mcg.
Some products, including pastas, whole wheat breads, and whole grain cereals, are enriched or fortified with selenium
and other minerals. The amount of selenium
in these products will vary, but you can typically get up to 40 mcg per 1 cup serving of noodles or cereal, and about 16 mcg from 2 slices of whole grain toast. Just make sure you balance enriched foods with plenty of whole, plant-based foods for optimal nutrition.
Three ounces of lean pork contain about 33 mcg of selenium
content of beef depends on the cut, but a bottom round beef steak will provide you with about 33 mcg. Beef liver provides about 28 mcg, and ground beef offers about 18 mcg.
You can get 31 mcg of selenium
from 3 oz of boneless turkey. Eat a turkey sandwich on fortified whole wheat bread for extra selenium.
Chicken will give you about 22 to 25 mcg of selenium
per 3 oz of white meat. This translates to a serving that’s similar in size to a deck of cards, making it an easy way to add some selenium
to your diet.
One cup of cottage cheese provides about 20 mcg, or 30 percent of your daily recommended intake of selenium.
One hard-boiled egg provides about 20 mcg of selenium
. Don’t like hard-boiled? No worries, go for eggs cooked any way you like, and you’ll still get a dose of selenium
One cup of cooked long-grain brown rice will provide you with 19 mcg of selenium
, or 27 percent of the recommended daily amount. Enjoy this grain with your favorite 3 oz portion of chicken or turkey to get up to 50 mcg of selenium — almost the entire recommended daily amount for adults. You can also substitute rice for barley which provides 23mcg per 1/3 cup serving.
A quarter cup of sunflower seeds provides almost 19 mcg of selenium
, making them a great snack, especially if you don’t eat animal products, which tend to have higher levels of selenium
Enjoy a cup of baked beans and you’ll get about 13 mcg of selenium
along with some important fiber.
Mushrooms are fungi that contain many nutrients, including vitamin D, iron, and about 12 mcg of selenium
in a 100-gram serving.
One cup of regular oatmeal, cooked, will give you 13 mcg of selenium.
Enjoy it for breakfast with two eggs to get 53 mcg.
Spinach, cooked from frozen, will provide you with about 11 mcg of selenium
per cup. It’s also packed full of folic acid and vitamin C.
Milk and yogurt each contain about 8 mcg of selenium
per cup, or 11 percent of your needs per day. Add some milk to your enriched cereal to up your intake.
One cup of cooked lentils provides about 6 mcg of selenium
, plus a healthy dose of protein and fiber. Add them to a soup with mushrooms for a vegan-friendly meal full of selenium.
Dry roasted cashewnuts offer 3 mcg per ounce. That may not seem like much, but every bit helps, especially if you follow a vegan diet. Snack on some dry roasted cashews and you’ll get a small amount of selenium
, at 3 mcg per one ounce serving.
One cup of chopped banana offers 2 mcg of selenium
, or 3 percent of your daily recommended intake. Again, this might not seem like much, but most fruits offer only minimal traces of selenium
or none at all. Add bananas to a smoothie with yogurt or your favorite oatmeal for more selenium
All individuals with HIV
are advised to consult their doctors before making any dietary changes or even before taking any Selenium supplements. Also when procuring Selenium
supplements, make you go for trusted brands and the form used and also do some due diligence. Avoid brands made in Asia and those by multi-level or direct selling companies and also house brands of US retailers. Thailand Medical
News highly recommends products by Life Extension Or Now Foods from the US .
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