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Apraxia of Speech is a form of oral motor speech disorder that affects a person’s ability to communicate conscious speech plans into motor plans.
A person may therefore be aware of the words they intend to say, but find their ability to say them is limited by an inability to connect intended words with the movement patterns required from the mouth, tongue, or lips, for example. The condition occurs as a loss of previous speaking ability due to brain damage incurred through stroke or another illness.
A speech-language pathologist usually diagnoses and treats apraxia of speech. They examine a patient’s ability to perform oral mechanisms such as pursing the lips, lifting the tongue, blowing and licking the lips. The patient’s reading and writing ability may also be assessed. Apraxia of speech is usually treated using one-to-one speech therapy. One main theme of therapy is the use of repetition to help patients achieve desired sounds and speech patterns.