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Abdominal pain or belly pain can occur due to several underlying pathologies. While some of these are minor and do not lead to serious damage, some may be a symptom of a life-threatening underlying condition.
The causes of abdominal pain may be classified according to their severity and level of urgency in management. These are outlined as below:-
True emergencies that might lead to life-threatening consequences if not managed urgently:-
Urgent conditions that require treatment within a few hours of onset:-
Non-urgent causes of abdominal pain include:-
Abdominal pain can start due to a pathology of any of the structures within the abdomen or the abdominal wall. The pain may also originate from the chest, back, or pelvis and may be felt in the abdomen. For example, patients with heart attacks or severe lung infection pneumonia sometimes complain of upper abdominal painrather than chest pain.
Causes of abdominal pain may also be classified according to the site of origin. Some of the common causes include:-