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Treatment of autoimmune disorders involves three major approaches:-
Several groups of medications are used to treat autoimmune disorders. Some of these include:-
There are several new approaches to the treatment of autoimmune disorders. The number of new approaches is on the rise due to ongoing stem cell research and genetic research.
More biological agents similar to existing anti-TNF agents, monoclonal antibodies, gene-based delivery systems, modulators of the immune system and cell-based treatments, tissue and organ engineering procedures are on their way to treating autoimmune diseases.
Therapies based on complementary and alternative medicine are also being explored for their efficacy and safety.
Stem cell transplantation is a new and promising strategy. It aims to reconstitute the immune system.
Several strategies that are antigen specific are also being developed that could help in disease like multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, systemic lupus erythematosus, and psoriatic arthritis.
In addition to the development of new therapeutic targets, are studies to develop new biomarkers for the diseases. These biomarkers can help determine the stage, activity, and progression of disease and help to assess response to therapy.
These biomarkers would also enable physicians treating the diseases to choose from available therapies to provide the best suited treatment.