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Stroke is a life threatening medical emergency for which there are several modifiable risk factors. Individuals who want to reduce the likelihood of suffering a stroke may benefit from taking these factors into consideration and make some lifestyle changes.
Stroke claims millions of lives every year worldwide so it is important that people are informed about how to reduce the chances of stroke occurring.
Some of the measures that can be taken to help prevent stroke include:
Several dietary factors are associated with an increased risk of stroke. For example, a diet with a high sugar and fat content raises the risk for heart disease, cardiovascular disease, hyperglycemia, diabetes, hypertension, high blood cholesterol, overweight and obesity.
Each of these factors, in turn, raises the risk of stroke. Controlling unhealthy factors in the diet therefore helps to reduce stroke risk.
Diet recommendations include:
A healthy and balanced diet should be complemented with regular physical exercise. This helps maintain heart health and a normal body weight. Guidelines recommend at least 150 minutes (2 hours and 30 minutes) per week of moderate-intensity exercise such as cycling, jogging, swimming, skipping or fast walking.
Excess alcohol consumption should be avoided and any smoking habits should be stopped.
Conditions such as high blood pressure, hypertension, raised cholesterol or rapid heart rate should be brought under control using appropriate medications.