The body needs blood flow to supply the needed oxygen and nutrients to various organs. When the organs and tissues of the body do not receive sufficient flow of blood, the person may go into shock.
Shock is a medical emergency. It is a condition wherein the blood flow to the various parts of the body drastically reduces.
When the organs and tissues of the body become deprived of the needed supply of blood, it may result in shock. Lack of blood means that the tissues and cells do not get the oxygen and nutrients to function properly.
If left untreated, shock may lead to reduced organ perfusion and tissue oxygenation. It may also possibly lead to organ failure and death.
Shock may result from heatstroke, trauma, loss of blood, severe infection, burns, and an allergic reaction, among others. Shock happens when the circulating blood can’t be supplied to some parts of the body. The common causes shock are given below:
Cardiogenic shock – occurs when the heart suffers injury from heart failure or a heart attack.
Hemorrhagic shock – shock caused by physical trauma. Usually, this happens when there is an open wound that does not stop bleeding. It may result from a vehicular accident or penetrating wounds from a knife or a gunshot.
Hypovolemic shock – when the total blood volume drops below normal. This may stem from reasons such as internal or external bleeding, kidney failure, severe burns, and dehydration, among others.
Anaphylactic shock – occurs after a severe allergic reaction to certain allergens like a bee sting, eating nuts, eggs, and shellfish, and exposure to certain medications such as antibiotics.
Septic shock – caused by a bacterial infection. This type of shock is called toxic shock syndrome and can lead to a drop in blood pressure and abnormalities in cellular metabolism.
Neurogenic shock – this type of shock is linked to trauma that leads to spinal cord injuries.
Shock is a life-threatening condition. To easily spot if a person is going into shock, take note of the following signs and symptoms:
If you suspect a person is in shock, treatment is needed immediately. Call for immediate medical attention.