Oct 16, 2018
Fibromyalgia Treatment
Fibromyalgia Treatment
  Oct 16, 2018

Tricyclic antidepressants such as amitriptyline are useful in chronic tension-type headache, fibromyalgia and muscle spasm associated pain. SSRIs improve pain, sleep, and sense of well-being.

  • Muscle relaxants or Alpha-2 adrenergic agonists – drugs of this class include clonidine and tizanidine. Tizanidine helps in relieving muscle spasm and easing pain.
  • Anticonvulsants – Pregabalin is a drug used in epilepsy and has shown benefits in managing fibromyalgia.

Physical therapy and exercise

Exercise is one of the most important aspects of the treatment of fibromyalgia. Exercises increase flexibility, improve function and also help in improvement of mood, self reliance and reduction of pain.

Cognitive behavioral therapy

This focuses on stress reduction and other behavioral approaches to ease the pain and improve other symptoms. Stress reduction techniques, including cognitive-behavioral programs, meditation, progressive relaxation training, and biofeedback.

Other therapies

Other therapies include acupuncture that may relieve pain in both myofascial pain and fibromyalgia. Others include massage, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, and ultrasound therapy.