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  Oct 16, 2018

Fibromyalgia Medications

Fibromyalgia is a widespread pain disorder that affects females more than males. The condition as of now has no cure and is mainly treated symptomatically.

Several medications, however, have been found to be useful in fibromyalgia. Some of these include:-

Pain relievers

These commonly belong to a class of drugs called the Non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs. The drugs of this class include paracetamol, diclofenac, ibuprofen etc. These are commonly available over the counter and may relieve pain.

NSAIDs are associated with numerous side effects including peptic ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease and kidney diseases.

If NSAIDs like paracetamol are ineffective, a synthetic opioid Tramadol may be added to it. Tramadol is more effective in pain relief but may also cause diarrhea, fatigue and withdrawal symptoms when discontinued.

Antidepressants

These agents are useful in treating depression. The agents mainly act by increasing the levels of certain neurotransmitters, such as serotonin, noradrenaline and dopamine. These chemical messengers normally send information within the structures of the brain and are thought to be deficient in depression as well as fibromyalgia.