Epilepsy is the general term used to describe a condition where people suffer from seizures. In many cases, the exact cause of this condition is not known and no trigger for a seizure can be identified.
However, some common triggers of epilepsy that have been identified include:
Prolonged Sleep Deprevation
In many individuals with epilepsy, sleep deprivation for prolonged periods may precipitate seizures.
Injury or trauma
Injury or trauma to the head that causes brain damage can cause recurrent seizures and is referred to as post-traumatic epilepsy.
Certain Drugs and Medicine
Certain drugs of abuse and medications that act on the central nervous system may precipitate seizures. The seizure threshold may be lowered with the use of certain drugs such as tricyclic antidepressants. Also, stopping the use of certain drugs or alcohol may result in withdrawal symptoms, one of which may be seizure. Examples of drugs that could cause seizures if stopped suddenly include antiepileptic drugs, antidepressants and tranquilizers such as benzodiazepines or barbiturates.