COVID-19 Research: Study Shows Young Adults Hospitalized For COVID-19 Have Substantial Rates Of Adverse Outcomes And High Mortality Rates!
: Contrary to a fallacy that has been installed in many through fake misinformation disseminated by so called medical ‘experts’ and health organizations during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic that only the elderly are susceptible to COVID-19 and that younger adults are most likely to withstand the infections and only endure mild symptoms, new data is showing the contrary.
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is increasing rapidly among young adults in the US. and now even in Europe, India and Brazil. Mistakenly often described as a disease affecting older adults, few studies have included younger patients to better understand their anticipated clinical trajectory.
In a study by researchers from Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston-Massachusetts and Premier Applied Sciences Inc-North Carolina, the study teams investigated the clinical profile and outcomes of 3222 young adults (defined by the US Census as age 18-34 years) who required hospitalization for COVID-19 in the US and were treated at 419 U.S. hospitals from April through June.
The mean (SD) age of this population was 28.3 (4.4) years; 1849 (57.6%) were men and 1838 (57.0%) were Black or Hispanic. Overall, 1187 (36.8%) had obesity, 789 (24.5%) morbid obesity, 588 (18.2%) diabetes, and 519 (16.1%) hypertension
The study findings revealed shocking results that is causing concern among health and medical professionals.
The study findings showed that that group had "substantial rates of adverse outcomes."
The study findings were published in the journal: JAMA Internal Medicine, a Journal of The American Medical Association. https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamainternalmedicine/fullarticle/2770542
The study showed that roughly one in five of hospitalized young adults with COVID-19 needed intensive care, one in 10 needed mechanical ventilation, and nearly 3% died
. ( 684 patients (21%) required intensive care, 331 (10%) required mechanical ventilation, and 88 (2.7%) died)
Vasopressors or inotropes were used for 217 patients (7%), central venous catheters for 283 (9%), and arterial catheters for 192 (6%). The median length of stay was 4 days (interquartile range, 2-7 days). Among those who survived hospitalization, 99 (3%) were discharged to a postacute care facility.
While the mortality rate is only slightly lower than in older adults, it is roughly double the death rate of young adults from heart attacks, the researchers said
Also obesity, high blood pressure, and diabetes were tied to higher risk for adverse events. For young adults with more than one of these conditions, the risk of a bad outcome was similar to middle-aged adults without the risk factors
Interestingly more than half of hospitalized young adults were Black or Hispanic, "consistent with prior findings of disproportionate illness severity in these demographic groups," the study team commented.
"Given the sharply rising rates of COVID-19 infection in
young adults, these findings underscore the importance of infection prevention measures in this age group," the study concluded.
Dr Mitchell H. Katz, MD from NYC Health and Hospitals- New York and Deputy Editor of JAMA Internal Medicine wrote in an accompany letter that “while young adults are much less likely than older persons to become seriously ill, if they reach the point of hospitalization, their risks are substantial. Second, obesity, hypertension, and male sex put patients of all ages at greater risk. As obesity and hypertension are preventable and treatable conditions, reducing the risk of serious COVID 19 illness should be added to the already long list of reasons to increase medical and public health efforts in young adults to promote healthful diets and increased exercise. Finally, this study establishes that COVID-19 is a life-threatening disease in individuals of all ages and that social distancing, facial coverings, and other approaches to prevent transmission are as important in young adults as in older persons
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