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  Oct 16, 2018

Fibromyalgia and Headaches

Fibromyalgia is characterized by widespread pain and tenderness on palpation of the tender point areas. In addition, there are generalized symptoms such as fatigue, lack of refreshing sleep, cognitive impairments, abdominal discomfort, and headache. Headache is reported by 53–82% of fibromyalgia patients.

Migraines and headaches

There is evidence that nearly 35% patients with fibromyalgia report migraine or tension-type headache.

Studies, however, show that there were no significant differences in mean pain severity of tender points or subscales of the Multidimensional Pain Inventory when fibromyalgia patients with headache are compared to those without headache.

A lifetime prevalence study showed that current migraine is present in around 45% of patients with fibromyalgia. In addition, a lifetime history of migraine is present in 55% of patients with fibromyalgia.

It was seen that the onset of migraine before fibromyalgia was 67%. Migraine was diagnosed in the same year as fibromyalgia in 11% of patients and occurred at least 1 year after onset of fibromyalgia in 22% patients.

Depression and anxiety

Furthermore studies have shown that depression (with scores over 9