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  Oct 12, 2018

Fungal Skin Infections

A majority of fungal infections are cutaneous, i.e. affecting only the upper layers of the skin without causing severe illness. Primary etiological agents are Candida fungi, Malassezia furfur and dermatophytic molds from the genera TrichophytonMicrosporumand Epidermophyton.

For many years infections caused by fungi were regarded more as a nuisance rather than life-threatening; nevertheless, when fungal infections become systemic (spreading throughout the body), life-threatening conditions can arise. The usual approach to the treatment of fungal skin infections are topical agents, although oral antifungal agents are sometimes used.

Candidiasis of the skin

Candida is a genus of non-photosynthetic fungi that are common causes of infections in humans; among them, Candida albicans is most commonly encountered. Acute oral candidiasis is seldom observed in health adults, but may appear in up to 5% of newborns and 10% of the elderly, manifesting with white patches on the surface of the labial and buccal surfaces.

Intertriginous regions (such as the anogenital region) offer an ideal place for ye