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The hypothalamus via various mechanisms controls appetite and food intake. It is also responsible for the control of hunger and thirst. In the basal hypothalamus there are several nuclei that regulate daily energy homeostasis. These control the appetite.
Ingestion of food is particularly controlled by hypothalamic sites, such as the ventromedial nucleus (VMN), dorsomedial nucleus (DMN), paraventricular nucleus (PVN), and lateral hypothalamus (LH).
There are recent studies that have identified “orexigenic and anorexigenic neurotransmitters” in the hypothalamus. The orexigenic neurotransmitters increase appetite while the anorexigenic ones decrease appetite.
Some parts of the hypothalamus are related to appetite. These include: