Wishing All Americans A Great And Happy Thanksgiving Holidays.
Diabetes is characterized by an abnormally high blood sugar level which can lead to serious complications. The earlier the high blood sugar is detected and brought under control, the greater the chance of preventing long term complications of the condition.
There are several approaches to managing the different stages of type 2 diabetes.
When the blood sugar level is on the high side but not high enough to warrant a diabetes diagnosis, the patient is diagnosed with impaired glucose tolerance. These individuals are at an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes and need to manage their condition by adopting healthy lifestyle habits such as adhering to a healthy diet and engaging in regular physical activity.
Ideally, diet should be free of simple sugars and saturated fats. A healthy diet and regular exercise can prevent obesity and overweight, important risk factors for type 2 diabetes. Regular exercise also stimulates insulin release. Smoking or drinking habits should also be stopped.
In the initial stages of diabetes, diet, weight management and regular activity is prescribed first. Healthy lifestyle changes are recommended in the management of all stages of diabetes.
Medications such as metformin may be prescribed if diet and exercise alone do not normalize blood sugar levels. Metformin acts by reducing the amount of glucose released by the liver into the blood. It also counteracts insulin resistance.
Other drugs that decrease the blood sugar levels include:
Insulin injections may be required among patients with diabetes that has progressed to the point that it remains uncontrolled with one or a combination of the medications listed above.
Blood sugar control must be monitored using tests such as fasting blood glucose, postprandial blood glucose and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c). Patients can also self-monitor their blood sugar level at home using handheld devices. In addition, the following checks should be performed: