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Sarcomas are soft tissue tumors that can develop in any part of the body. The term “sarcoma” has a Greek origin, which means “fleshy growth.” This category of tumors consists of more than 70 subtypes, which are classified on the basis of two factors—the tissue of origin and chromosomal abnormalities. Each of these has its own unique features.
Angiosarcoma (AS) is a type of soft tissue tumor that originates from the vascular endothelial cells which form the inner lining of blood as well as lymphatic vessels. This sarcoma is rare, but malignant in nature and affects any part of the body, especially, the skin, liver, breast, and deep tissues.
AS is aggressive and sometimes recurs after treatment in the same place of initial onset. This characteristic of the disease is known as local recurrence.
Metastasis or secondary cancer is another property of this tumor by which it tends to spread widely to other parts of the body. Lungs, liver, brain, etc., are the parts where this secondary occurrence happens.
The mortality rate owing to this disease is very high due to its misdiagnosis or poor diagnosis and the difficulty associated with treating it. In addition, AS is multicentric; this characteristic of this tumor makes therapeutic options more complicated.