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Meningitis, especially which is caused by bacteria, is a life threatening condition and needs urgent treatment.
Complications are more common after bacterial meningitis and very rare after viral meningitis. Complications with meningitis may be temporary or permanent. They may be short or long term.
Complications of meningitis include:
Children after a bout of meningitis may:
Overall there may be behavioural and learning problems in children after a meningitis episode.
Untreated bacterial meningitis is almost always fatal. With treatment the risk of death is reduced.
In new-borns the risk of death with treatment is 20 to 30%, in older children it is around 2% with treatment. The death risk is higher for adults even with treatment at 19 to 37%. Many adults may go on to develop disabilities like deafness (14%) and memory loss (10%).